An Ingrown toenail occurs when part of the nail pierces the soft tissue at the side of the nail. As the nail grows the spicule becomes embedded further in the flesh.
- Poor nail cutting technique may leave a sharp spike or corner of the nail.
- Trimming too far down the sides of the nail is a common cause of an ingrown toe nail.
- Some people are predisposed to getting recurrent ingrown toenails due to the shape of their nail. A nail that is more curved from side to side rather than being flat is more likely to become ingrown.
- Footwear that is tight is more likely to increase pressure between the skin in the nail fold and the nail, increasing the risk of an ingrown toenail.
- Trauma to the nail may alter the shape of the nail, making it more prone to becoming ingrown.
- At home you should bathe the toe in warm salt water after showering & dress it with an antiseptic and a band aid until you are able to seek help from the Podiatrist.
- If the toenail is only mildly ingrown in the early stages the nail maybe cleared painlessly by the Podiatrist.
- If conservative treatment is not possible then a nail procedure will be required to remove the offending piece of nail under local anaesthetic in the clinic to remove the part of the nail in growing.
- If the nail recurrently becomes ingrown then a partial nail avulsion may be performed where part of the nail is removed and the root killed with a caustic agent so it cannot regorw in the problem area. The likelihood of return is extremely minimal.
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